of Bangladesh : Quick look
Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma
24 00 N, 90 00 E.
total: 144,000 sq km.
land: 133,910 sq km.
water: 10,090 sq km.
slightly smaller than Iowa.
total: 4,246 km
border countries: Burma
193 km, India 4,053 km
contiguous zone: 18
continental shelf: up
to the outer limits of the continental margin.
exclusive economic zone:
territorial sea: 12
mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer
(March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June
flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast.
lowest point: Indian
Ocean 0 m.
highest point: Keokradong
Natural resources: natural
gas, arable land, timber.
arable land: 61%
permanent crops: 3%
other: 36% (1998 est.)
38,440 sq km (1998 est.)
droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely
flooded during the summer monsoon season.
many people are landless and forced to
live on and cultivate flood-prone land; limited
access to potable water; water-borne diseases prevalent;
water pollution especially of fishing areas results
from the use of commercial pesticides; intermittent
water shortages because of falling water tables
in the northern and central parts of the country;
soil degradation; deforestation; severe overpopulation.
party to: Biodiversity,
Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification,
Endangered Species, Environmental Modification,
Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban,
Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not
ratified: none of the selected agreements
Only a small portion of the boundary with India
remains undelimited; discussions to demarcate the
boundary, exchange 162 miniscule enclaves, and allocate
divided villages remain stalled; skirmishes, illegal
border trafficking, and violence along the border
continue; Bangladesh has protested India's attempts
to fence off high traffic sections of the porous
boundary; Burmese attempts to construct a dam on
the border stream in 2001 prompted an armed response
halting construction; Burmese Muslim refugees migrate
into Bangladesh straining meager resources.